Day Trading Lingo

price of stock

Nobel Prize-winning Economist Harry Markowitz invented MPT in 1952 with his classic paper Portfolio Selection. Many mutual funds and exchange-traded funds use MPT to reduce risks. The Margin of Safety is the difference between a stock’s intrinsic value and the share price. Benjamin Graham believed the Margin of Safety determined a stock’s level of risk. An Index is a basket of stocks assembled for a specific purpose.

stock price

A dividend is a portion of a company’s earnings paid to shareholders quarterly or annually. They’re especially rare for penny stock companies since they rarely have profits. © Millionaire Media, LLCA bull market is the opposite of a bear market.

As the name implies, day traders spend the whole day buying and selling stocks. They may not even need to invest attention in global, market, or company events—they can just watch stock prices. In fact, the most experienced traders can even just rely on stats, trends, and math to make their move.

A type of market maker is a financial brokerage that provides buying and selling options for investors, keeping financial markets liquid. Long trades and short trades are two strategies that traders can use to profit from movements in a stock’s price. Long trades are more commonly used by investors who want to buy and hold a stock in hopes that it appreciates in price. Short selling is popular with day traders but exposes investors to much greater risk. The investor then plans to hold on to the stock for a period of time in order to generate profits.

How to Start Day Trading

Some malicious actors may encourage people to short on a stock in efforts to manipulate the market, which can cause victims to lose significant amounts of money. For example, if you want to go long on XYZ stock, you could buy 100 shares at $50 each for a total of $5,000 (100 x $50). If XYZ rises to $55 per share, then the value of the shares you own rises to $5,500 (100 x $55). If you sell, you would profit $500 ($5,500 – $5,000) on the trade. If XYZ fell to $45 per share, your shares would be worth $4,500 (100 x $45) and you’d lose $500.


Day traders employ a wide variety of techniques in order to capitalize on market inefficiencies, often making many trades a day and closing positions before the trading day ends. Day traders are traders who execute intraday strategies to profit off relatively short-lived price changes for a given asset. Most day traders will end up losing money, at least according to the data.

This is one of the key principles underpinning the entire banking system. Money laundering is a catch-all term for any activity that tries to convert the proceeds of crime into legitimate money. Mezzanine refers to a layer that falls between two others. In the case of finance, it comes between debt and equity. There are several ways to calculate an average, the three most common being the mean, median and mode.

A market condition where stock prices are continually rising. If a trader holds shares and wants to sell them at a particular price, they place an order asking buyers to purchase them. Traders generally sell shares when they see an opportunity to take profits or they think the stock’s rise is ending. Below are 40 of the most common stock market terms, with simple explanations. StocksToTrade is here to help with a simple guide to basic terms and phrases.

Points Moves in Stocks

It, therefore, incurs more risk than other types of trading as there is always a large amount of money at stake. Day trading is a lucrative yet at times controversial practice, favoured by a small portion of financial traders. A day trader is primarily concerned with the price action characteristics of a stock. This is unlike investors, who use fundamental data to analyze the long-term growth potential of a company to decide whether to buy, sell or hold its stock. That said, market reaction to such fundamental data should be monitored by day traders for trading opportunities that can be exploited using technical analysis.

Day traders who use this strategy should also be aware of the risks involved, as it can be difficult to predict when a stock will reverse direction. To minimize risk, day traders should look for stocks that have strong support levels and use stop-loss orders to protect their positions if the stock starts to fall. Market data is necessary for day traders to be competitive.

Here is a PDF of the most popular words that any person can easily learn and start trading feeling confident. So if you are ready to go beyond the basics, learn day trading and start your dream life – check out MY COURSES. Trading Platforms – this is the actual software that your charts will be coming from. You will need to use a platform that is connected to your brokerage account. I recommend only working with trading platforms that are free. Black Swan – This trading lingo refers to events that are unexpected and have a seismic impact on multiple, global markets.

Many people view FANG stocks as safe moneymakers because they have long experienced share growth. A Eurobond, or external bond, is a debt instrument issued by a syndicate of financial institutions on behalf of various European governments. Many people regard Eurobonds as a secure and low-risk investment.

Profitability and risks

Many of the same actions take place as with longer forms of trading on nextmarkets, but they simply take place within a condensed time period. If you have experience trading in other ways, chances are that you will recognise a lot of the words and phrases used. Scheduled announcements such as economic statistics, corporate earnings, or interest rates are subject to market expectations and market psychology. Markets react when those expectations are not met or are exceeded, usually with sudden, significant moves, which can benefit day traders.

  • An ascending triangle is a chart pattern used in technical analysis created by a horizontal and rising trendline.
  • More volatility means greater potential for profit or loss.
  • A friendly bidder when a company is subject to a hostile takeover bid.

Eurobonds, unlike T-Bills, can be denominated in multiple currencies, such as US Dollars or Euros. Many corporations use Eurobonds to finance operations in different countries. Investors can use the DuPont Model to identify a company’s strengths and weaknesses.

Minimizing risk capital

Even if you’re a passive investor who invests 10% of their income into a mutual fund managed by someone else, you should get to know stock market trading terms. For one thing, you’ll be able to have a more nuanced conversation with your financial advisor. But you’ll also be more likely to identify additional opportunities for income growth as they become available. In March 2000, this bubble burst, and many less-experienced day traders began to lose money as fast, or faster, than they had made during the buying frenzy.

  • Beta can be used on an entire investment portfolio to understand the overall risk.
  • Market makers are typically banks and brokers who commit to trade shares and bonds, often in larger quantities than most other investors.
  • Under this system, the value of a national currency relative to other currencies is determined by market forces and changes regularly based on supply and demand.

This is the at which one currency can be exchanged for another currency. It is also a lender to the central banks of individual Eurozone countries. A term used in forex trading to describe the currency that the base currency is paired with. For example, the counter currency in the AUD/USD is the US dollar.

Volatility refers to the fluctuations in the price of a security, commodity, currency, or index. Vertical integration is when two businesses at different stages of production join to form one bigger company. VAR attempts to assess the odds of losing money on a portfolio of, say, shares. Utilities are companies involved in providing electricity, gas, water and similar services to consumers and businesses. Treasury stock are shares that have been issued by a firm, but are being kept ‘in treasury’ – ie they are being kept for possible subsequent reissue.


National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system. Monte Carlo simulations are used to model the probability of different outcomes. It can be used as a technique to assess the impact of risk and uncertainty in forecasting investment returns. Going long on a stock that has shown to be continually rising.

The Best Day Trading Books in 2023 – Investing – Business Insider

The Best Day Trading Books in 2023 – Investing.

Posted: Thu, 16 Feb 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

Options Contracts give investors a chance to buy stocks at the prices they want. Today, algorithms and Trading Bots execute most Options Contracts. A Liquid Asset is something a company can convert into cash fast. Liquid Assets can include inventory, precious metals, commodities, marketable securities, T-Bills, Eurobonds, CDs, and unpaid accounts receivable.

Trailing Stop Loss Order

Whales – This relates to large financial enterprises, such as hedge funds or banks, that have significant cash reserves to enter markets and impact the price of assets. This trading lingo originates from the use of ‘whales’ in the casino industry. ETFs are similar to mutual funds — they’re pools of capital used for investment purposes. But instead of wiring your money into the fund, you can purchase shares of the ETF on a stock exchange.

bank of england

Some traders prefer to trade in a specific sector, especially when sector momentum is hot. A firm or person who executes your buy and sell orders for stocks or other securities. Let’s look at some of the most important stock market terms you must know to trade stocks. I’ve made over $7 million in profits trading penny stocks. Also known as ‘net current assets’, working capital is the total of a firm’s current, or short term, balance sheet assets minus all current liabilities. Warrants are a type of security issued by companies and traded in the market, much in the way that shares are.

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